Classification: Light, Soft Feather
Egg Colour: Blue or green
When the Spaniards arrived in South America, bringing with them the light Mediterranean breeds, they found that the indigenous Indians had domestic fowl which soon cross-bred with the incomers. Notable for their fierce resistance to the Spaniards, however, were the Indians of the Arauca province of northern Chile who were never conquered. The name Araucana for the breed is derived therefore from that part of the world where the South American and European fowls had the least opportunity to interbreed.
The Araucana breed standard in the British Isles is generally as envisaged by George Malcolm who created the true-breeding lavender Araucana, among other colours, in Scotland during the 1930’s. Araucanas are prolific layers of strong-shelled eggs, blue or green eggs having been reported from South America from the mid-sixteenth century onwards. These are unique in that their colour permeates throughout the shell.
Carriage: Alert and active
Type: Body long and deep, free from heaviness. Firm in handling. Back moderately long, horizontal. Wings large and strong. Tail well developed with full sickles carried at an angle of 45 degrees.
Head: Moderately small. Beak strong and stout. Eyes bold. Comb small pea. Face covered with thick muffling and ear muffs abundant. Crest compact, carried well back from eyes. Ear-lobes moderately small and concealed by muffling. Wattles absent.
Neck: Of medium length, abundantly furnished with hackle feathers.
Legs and feet: Medium length, strong and well apart. Shanks free from feathers. Toes, four, straight and well spread.
The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences. Comb pea.
Colour: The Lavender
Male and female plumage: An even shade of blue-grey throughout.
Male plumage: Breast, belly, thighs, tail and closed secondaries the colour of new slate. Hackle, saddle and shoulders and sometimes the tail coverts and the primaries, two shades darker (like a slate after being wetted). Fluff slate-blue.
Female plumage: Blue slate colour with dark hackle like the male, often marked or laced all over with the darker shade. Fluff slate-blue.
Male plumage: Breast, thighs, belly, tail and wings black. Wing bars green-black: secondaries when closed bay. Crest, head and neck orange-red striped black. Back, shoulders and wing bow red or mahogany. Saddle hackle to match neck hackle. Fluff grey.
Female plumage: Hackle rich golden yellow broadly striped with black. Breast salmon. Muff salmon. Salmon and ash-grey on thighs. Body colour brown pencilled black, each feather with a pale shaft. Tail brown spotted or grizzled with black. Fluff grey.
The Silver Duckwing
Male plumage: Resembles the black-breasted red in the black markings and blue wing bars; rest of the plumage clear silvery white. Fluff light grey.
Female plumage: Hackle white, lightly striped black. Body and wings even silvery grey. Breast pale salmon. Primaries and tail nearly black. Fluff light grey.
The Golden Duckwing
Male plumage: Hackle and saddle yellow straw. Shoulders deep golden. Wing bars steel blue; secondaries yellow or creamy straw when closed, remaining plumage black. Fluff light grey.
Female plumage: Breast deeper, richer colour and body slightly browner tinge than the silver duckwing female. Fluff light grey.
Male plumage: The same colour pattern as the black-red with slate replacing black. Breast, thighs, belly and tail slate. Secondaries when closed bay. Wing bar slate. Hackle and saddle feathers orange-red with blue centre stripe. Shoulders deep crimson-scarlet. Fluff dark slate.
Female plumage: Hackle golden striped. Breast and muff salmon. Body, wings and tail blue, finely peppered with golden brown. Fluff dark slate.
Male plumage: The pile is marked exactly like the black-red except that the black is exchanged for a clear cream-white. Secondaries bay.
Female plumage: Creamy-white with salmon breast and golden striped hackle.
Male and female plumage: Neck hackle straw barred with gold or black. Back and shoulder bright gold-chestnut barred with straw-yellow. Wing bar dark grey barred with pale grey; primaries and secondaries dark grey barred with pale; outer web of secondaries chestnut, the chestnut only showing when wing closed. Saddle hackle pale straw barred gold. Breast and underparts dark grey. Tail and tail coverts dark grey barred with light grey. Legs and feet white, with some spotting allowed.
Male and female plumage: These have white tips to their feathers. The more of these spots and the more regularly they are distributed the better. The male should show white ends to the feathers on hackle and saddle. The colour may be red, black or brown, or a mixture of all three. Fluff white.
Male and female plumage: Light grey-blue ground colour, each feather crossed with broad bands of dark blue-grey. In the male, a lighter shade is permissible. Undercolour banded but of a lighter shade. Beak light horn or bluish. Legs and feet white with blue spots.
Male and female plumage: Black with green sheen.
Male and female plumage: Snow-white throughout.
In box sexes and all colours:
Comb and face bright red. Eyes dark orange. Beak and nails horn. Legs in all colours except cuckoo, willow to olive or slate.
Serious defects or disqualifications
Cut-away breast. Roach back. Wry or squirrel tail. Crest too small or too large, e.g. Poland type. Absence of crest or muffling. Comb other than of pea type. Comb lopped or twisted. Any comb other than minimal in female. Pearl eye. Feathered legs. Legs other than standard colour. Uneven or splashed breast colour. In males white base in tail. In lavenders any straw or brassy tinge.